Do you know that in boys, the tendency to develop disorder is twice than that of girls. The risk factor differs though, but it can include complications during childbirth, prematurity, sickness during pregnancy and lot of others.
We have collected information about signs of commonly widespread disorders like dyslexia, autism, hyperactivity and dysgraphia. Continue to scroll to know about them in detail :
Symptoms can be seen just at the age of 2, and by the 5, the symptoms usually become more noticeable. If we look at statistics, girls have autism 4 times less than boys.
Despite the popular stereotype, autism doesn’t mean that people can’t develop and do what they love. The main problem people face with autism is difficulty communicating, especially with people they are not familiar with. The symptoms of autism can be decreased if treated appropriately.
You can recognize this notice that a child is behaving strangely, like:
Scared of communicating with people they don’t know; during a conversation, they can’t maintain eye contact.
They do automatic things like tapping on surface for really long time, swinging like a pendulum, placing toys in rows based on some principle they’ve made up themselves. They do not get bored easily and can keep doing these things for hours.
They are scared of any change. If you move the furniture near them, this can lead to a panic attack. The same goes for food, the way you take to school, and other things the child is particularly accustomed to.
- They have very well-developed receptors: they love touching things and they can sense even the slightest smells. They often stare at wood textures and other materials. They hold a very high pain threshold and might pinch their own skin just to see what happens.
- The acronym for this is ADHD. Despite the popular stereotype, this disorder can only be found in children who are over 4 years old. If you think you see symptoms, but only rarely, it means that the child is absolutely normal. This disorder can be successfully treated, often using medical methods.
It’s quite easy to diagnose ADHD. Just pay attention to these indicators in your child’s behavior:
- They can’t sit still, they never stop moving, they look around everywhere, and act like they have an engine inside them. And their actions don’t really have a purpose: they just grab whatever they can get their hands on, throw it away in the very next moment, and take something else.
- They can’t concentrate on something boring for a long time like cleaning or doing homework. But they can play computer games and do other things for hours.
- They are often distracted by things outside. For example, they might be busy doing something and then just freeze if they see something really bright through the window.
This particular disorder prevents children from learning to write appropriately. It is seen pretty often and doesn’t really impact adult lives. Mostly found in the children who already have eye or ear problems or who have ADHD.
It’s even possible to get rid of this disorder by having the child do exercises to develop their fine motor skills, and make muscles in their hands stronger.
You can diagnose dysgraphia quite easily by observing the following signs:
- When writing, children always confuse words with similar sounds.
- They might add letters to those words that, in fact, should not be there, they might change position of syllables, or even skip them completely.
- When they write their words blend together (especially prepositions).
On the left: the handwriting of a 23-year-old person who was diagnosed with dysgraphia just at the age of 10.
On the right: the handwriting of a person who has just been diagnosed with dysgraphia.
- It’s really hard to read what they write. Even if they try hard and write slowly, the letters are still illegible.
- In most severe cases, children speak incorrectly too.
If we look at statistics, 70-80% of people who have trouble reading actually have dyslexia. This disorder is usually innate and can be treated if a child sees a specialist in time. It can’t be diagnosed earlier than the age of 10-11.
Doesn’t causes much trouble in adult life, aside from having difficulty reading fast. Sometimes, idea of being dyslexic is scary for other people, so people might try to hide their disorder and be a little shy. This behavior is considered to be most of the times normal.
You can diagnose dyslexia if a child has these symptoms:
- They read really poorly, even though their other skills like maths or arts are okay. Their IQ is usually high, so intelligence and dyslexia are not connected.
- They refuse to practice reading and just say that they don’t want to do it. They might get really dramatic if parents push them hard.
- They can read, and maybe even do it fast, but they can’t tell you what they just read because they don’t understand the meaning of the text.
- They can be daydreamers, so you may have to ask them twice if they don’t lend ears at the first time. Most of the times they don’t notice the things around them. As a result, they can be insecure and try to find themselves in some kind of art (like music, acting, and so on).
- They often hold pens or pencils the wrong way. For example, they hold a pen between their ring and middle finger and attempts to teach them right way are useless.